Download e-book for kindle: An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural by Andrea S. Wiley

By Andrea S. Wiley

ISBN-10: 0511185197

ISBN-13: 9780511185199

ISBN-10: 0521830001

ISBN-13: 9780521830003

Highlighting the jobs of ecology, tradition, heritage, and political economic system, this booklet considers how the original mountain ecology and socio-cultural styles of the Himalayan zone of Ladakh give a contribution to a weird trend of child mortality. It stresses the burdens of women's paintings during this quarter as the most important to start final result. An instance of a brand new style of anthropological paintings referred to as "ethnographic human biology," this examine makes use of the method of human biology yet strongly emphasizes the ethnographic context that offers which means for human organic measures.

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Extra resources for An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective

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The household mediates or filters environmental stressors for those whose lives are largely circumscribed by activities in and around it. In many societies, including Ladakh, these are primarily, though certainly not exclusively, women and children. Several researchers have pointed to the household as the key institution in the “production of health” (cf. Berman et al. 1994) and the crucial locus of child health in particular. Harkness and Super (1994) have referred to it as the “developmental niche” of a child.

1. Biocultural adaptive dynamics (Redrawn with permission from Thomas, R. 1998. The evolution of human adaptability paradigms: Toward a biology of poverty. , and Leatherman, Thomas L. ), Building a New Biocultural Synthesis: Political-Economic Perspectives on Human Biology. ). descent and relatedness) as well as socially defined. Populations can be large or small, although larger units tend to exhibit more heterogeneity in biology and behavior than do small groups. In general, we are interested in the frequency of physiological or behavioral characteristics of individuals as a way of describing a group but also to understand and account for variation within a group.

1980; Lichty et al. 1957; McClung 1969; Unger et al. 1988; Yip 1987). Oxygen deprivation in utero could result in impaired fetal growth and compromised birth outcomes, which, in turn, may contribute to high early mortality, although some authors have suggested that they do not (Beall 1981; Wilcox 1993). The negative effect of hypoxia on fetal growth is particularly severe among newcomers to high altitude but is evident to a lesser extent among indigenous populations. Thus, a population’s history in a high-altitude environment appears to affect their reproductive success and the relative severity of its impact, suggesting evidence of adaptive processes at work among longer-term inhabitants (Haas 1980; Moore et al.

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An Ecology of High-Altitude Infancy: A Biocultural Perspective by Andrea S. Wiley

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