By William W. Cohen
This booklet is designed in particular as a consultant for laptop Scientists desiring an creation to phone Biology. The textual content explores 3 diversified aspects of biology: organic structures, experimental tools, and language and nomenclature. the writer discusses what biologists try to figure out from their experiments, how quite a few experimental tactics are used and the way they relate to authorised thoughts in computing device technological know-how, and the vocabulary essential to learn and comprehend present literature in biology. The e-book is a useful reference device and a very good start line for a extra complete exam of mobilephone biology.
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Extra info for A Computer Scientist's Guide to Cell Biology
In my facetious example, we’d like to simply take the darn PC apart, but that’s impossible to do with such crude tools; similarly, in biology, we don’t have tools sufficiently delicate to disassemble cells directly, as we would disassemble a PC with hand tools. On the other hand, the crude PC “disassembly” of the example is far from useless: the authors might have successfully determined that PCs are, to a first approximation, made of an outer casing, a power supply, and a motherboard. The general technique used in the exam- Splitting a mixture into ple to separate PC components is to apply components is called a force in one direction (air pressure from fractionation (if you’re the turbofan) to a mixture.
Cellular operations that require or produce energy will often use an enzymatic pathway—a sequence of enzyme-catalyzed reactions, in which the output of one step becomes the input of the next. One wellknown example of such a pathway is the TCA cycle, which is part of the machinery by which oxygen and sugar is converted into energy and carbon dioxide. A small part of this pathway is shown below in Figure 17. (Notice that this particular pathway produces energy, rather than consuming energy). 30 A Computer Scientist’s Guide to Cell Biology ...
The result of this is that diffusion is a very quick way of moving around for very short distances—say, the width of a bacterium—and a very slow way of moving around over larger distances—say, from the bar to the buffet table. This may be why very little internal structure is necessary for bacteria, or for the bacteria-sized organelles in eukaryotic cells: there is simply no need for it, since everything is already close enough to interact quickly with everything else. Over objects as large as a typical eukarAn organelle is a discrete yotic cell, however, simple diffusion is component of a cell.
A Computer Scientist's Guide to Cell Biology by William W. Cohen